NEUROPHTHALMOLOGY

Neuro-ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that deals with the relationship between the eyes and the brain, specifically disorders of the optic nerve (nerve connecting our eyeball to the brain), orbit (bony cavity in which the eyeball is located), eye movement abnormalities and brain disorders associated with eye symptoms.

A neuro-ophthalmologist is a
doctor who specialises in
visual disturbances related to
the nervous system and optic
nerve, eye movement
disorders and pupillary
abnormalities. Such
disturbances can be caused
by trauma, inflammation,
strokes, tumors, toxicities and
infections.

The disorders evaluated by a neuro-ophthalmologist include:

Optic Nerve Disease causing vision Loss - typically presents as
a sudden drop in vision or decrease in contrast or colour
perception

Visual Field Loss – loss of peripheral/ side vision

Double Vision or Ocular Motility Dysfunction

Papilledema - optic disc swelling

Intracranial Hypertension

Nystagmus - involuntary shaking of eyes

Abnormality of Pupils - may be sign of life threatening
condition needing urgent attention

A neuro-ophthalmologist is a doctor who specialises in visual disturbances related to the nervous system and optic nerve, eye movement disorders and pupillary abnormalities. Such disturbances can be caused by trauma, inflammation, strokes, tumors, toxicities and infections.

The disorders evaluated by a neuro-ophthalmologist include:

Optic Nerve Disease causing vision Loss - typically presents as
a sudden drop in vision or decrease in contrast or colour
perception

Visual Field Loss – loss of peripheral/ side vision

Double Vision or Ocular Motility Dysfunction

Papilledema - optic disc swelling

Intracranial Hypertension

Nystagmus - involuntary shaking of eyes

Abnormality of Pupils - may be sign of life threatening
condition needing urgent attention

DR. MITHILA GAITONDE-NEGALUR
PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY, SQUINT & NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY

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